Dialysis-related surgeries are procedures to provide access to a patient’s body in preparation for renal replacement therapy. At UC Health, we offer:
Hemodialysis (AV Fistula Surgery)
Hemodialysis is a type of treatment for kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease or ESRD). It uses a machine that holds a filter called a dialyzer. As blood flows through the dialyzer, waste is removed and fluid and chemicals are balanced.
Two needles are inserted into a blood vessel (called an arteriovenous fistula or AV fistula) or arteriovenous graft (or AV graft), usually in your arm. Each needle is attached to a tube. One tube carries your blood into the dialyzer, where it's cleaned. Clean blood returns to your body through a second tube and needle.
Another type of dialysis access surgery is known as peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a way to cleanse the blood to treat kidney failure. It uses the lining of your abdomen called the peritoneal membrane and a special solution (dialysate).
Dialysate is put inside your belly (abdomen) through a plastic tube (catheter). This catheter is surgically placed into your abdomen.
The abdomen is filled with dialysate through the catheter and allowed to remain (dwell) for four4 to six6 hours. The membrane and dialysate then work to clean the blood. The dialysate needs to be changed every few hours.