In a single incision roughly one-inch long, the team performed endoscopic cardiac surgery to replace the aortic and mitral valve and repair the tricuspid value – called “triple valve” surgery. The endoscopic approach is the least invasive surgical procedure possible, with no damage to the bones; it had previously been used to repair single and double heart valves that were either an acquired disease over time or were part of a complex congenital heart defect.
With the world-renowned expertise and leadership of Tommaso Hinna Danesi, MD, UC Health cardiac surgeon and associate professor of surgery at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, the experts at the UC Heart, Lung, and Vascular Institute can now operate up to three heart valves through one very small skin incision, compared to a traditional open-heart surgical approach - including patients who have already had a previous cardiac surgery.
Dr. Hinna Danesi is one of 12 physicians in the world capable of performing an advanced endoscopic heart valve surgery, which leads to faster recovery and reduces surgical time by 50%. The surgical team also included UC Health anesthesiologists James Bailey, MD, and Ryan Noska, MD, and physician’s assistant Anna Simoni.
The patient was Karyn Russell, a 63-year-old grandmother and special education teacher in Cincinnati, Ohio. Russell began experiencing heart problems about five years ago, and in April was diagnosed with heart failure.
Russell was treated in the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit at UC Medical Center, during which her valve disease was diagnosed and surgery planned. Because of her risk factors, Dr. Hinna Danesi and his expert team opted to avoid cutting bone, which would result in a longer recovery period. Instead, they chose an endoscopic approach with a smaller incision, fewer side effects, and a shorter recovery time.
On July 12, Russell became the first endoscopic triple valve surgery patient in the United States.
“Because of the sternal sparing and the miniaturized incision site, the patient experiences less pain, has a shorter hospital stay, and overall a faster recovery and back to normal life,” said Dr. Hinna Danesi.
A totally endoscopic surgical approach can be performed while the heart is beating, lowering the risk for the patient - as opposed to needing to arrest the heart under a traditional approach for selected patients.