Choroid plexus papilloma (CPP) is a rare type of brain tumor. They are generally benign (not cancer). Benign also means that the growth does not spread to other parts of the body. CPP is most common in young children, but it can also appear in adults. CPP are generally slow-growing tumors. It is very rare for this type of tumor to spread outside the brain. In atypical CPP, the tumor is more likely to grow faster or come back after treatment.
A CPP tumor grows in the choroid plexus. This is a layer of tissue within the brain that makes the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF surrounds and cushions the brain and spinal cord. The choroid plexus lines the ventricles of your brain, which store the CSF. The choroid plexus is made of connective tissue, blood vessels, and the ependymal cells.
In adults, CPP tends to form in the fourth ventricle, while in children it forms on the lateral ventricle. The fourth ventricle is in between the cerebellum and the brainstem. The cerebellum is the part of your brain that controls your balance and coordination. The brainstem controls your breathing, swallowing, eye movements, and other vital functions.
CPP may cause your brain to make too much CSF. It might also block the normal drainage of CSF. This excess CSF in the brain (hydrocephalus) can create pressure in the brain that can be dangerous.
Even if a CPP is not cancer, it can still cause problems. It may press against brain tissue and cause symptoms, such as headache, vision problems, or nausea and vomiting. The standard treatment for CPP is surgery to remove the tumor.